A Nation Rising: Hawaiian Movements for Life, Land, and Sovereignty
Author: Noelani Goodyear-Ka′opua, Ikaika Hussey, Erin Kahunawaika′ala Wright
Publisher: Duke University Press (September 19, 2014)
ISBN 10: 0822356953 , ISBN 13: 978-0822356950
A Nation Rising chronicles the political struggles and grassroots initiatives collectively known as the Hawaiian sovereignty movement. Scholars, community organizers, journalists, and filmmakers contribute essays that explore Native Hawaiian resistance and resurgence from the 1970s to the early 2010s. Photographs and vignettes about particular activists further bring Hawaiian social movements to life. The stories and analyses of efforts to protect land and natural resources, resist community dispossession, and advance claims for sovereignty and self-determination reveal the diverse objectives and strategies, as well as the inevitable tensions, of the broad-tent sovereignty movement. The collection explores the Hawaiian political ethic of ea, which both includes and exceeds dominant notions of state-based sovereignty. A Nation Rising raises issues that resonate far beyond the Hawaiian archipelago, issues such as Indigenous cultural revitalization, environmental justice, and demilitarization.
Contributors. Noa Emmett Aluli, Ibrahim G. Aoudé, Kekuni Blaisdell, Joan Conrow, Noelani Goodyear-Ka'opua, Edward W. Greevy, Ulla Hasager, Pauahi Ho'okano, Micky Huihui, Ikaika Hussey, Manu Ka‘iama, Le‘a Malia Kanehe, J. Kehaulani Kauanui, Anne Keala Kelly, Jacqueline Lasky, Davianna Pomaika'i McGregor, Nalani Minton, Kalamaoka'aina Niheu, Katrina-Ann R. Kapa'anaokalaokeola Nakoa Oliveira, Jonathan Kamakawiwo'ole Osorio, Leon No'eau Peralto, Kekailoa Perry, Puhipau, Noenoe K. Silva, D. Kapua‘ala Sproat, Ty P. Kawika Tengan, Mehana Blaich Vaughan, Kuhio Vogeler, Erin Kahunawaika’ala Wright
Filipinos in Hawai'i
Authors: Theordore S. Gonzalves, Roderick N. Labrador
Publisher: Aracadia Publishing (November 7, 2011)
ISBN 10: 0738576085 , ISBN 13: 978-0738576084
Nearly one in four persons in Hawai'i is of Filipino heritage. Representing one-fifth of the state's workforce, Filipinos have been in Hawai'i for more than a century, turning the rough and raw materials of sugar and pineapple into billion-dollar commodities. This book traces a history from 1946--the last year that sakadas (plantation workers) were imported from the Philippines--to the centennial year of their settlement in Hawai'i. Filipinos are central to much that has been built and cherished in the state, including the agricultural industry, tourism, military presence, labor movements, community activism, politics, education, entertainment, and sports.
Native Men Remade: Gender and Nation in Contemporary Hawai'i
Author: Ty P. Kāwika Tengan
Publisher: Duke University Press (September 30, 2008)
ISBN 10: 0822343215 , ISBN 13: 978-0822343219
Many indigenous Hawaiian men have felt profoundly disempowered by the legacies of colonization and by the tourist industry, which, in addition to occupying a great deal of land, promotes a feminized image of Native Hawaiians (evident in the ubiquitous figure of the dancing hula girl). In the 1990s a group of Native men on the island of Maui responded by refashioning and reasserting their masculine identities in a group called the Hale Mua (the “Men’s House”). As a member and an ethnographer, Ty P. Kāwika Tengan analyzes how the group’s mostly middle-aged, middle-class, and mixed-race members assert a warrior masculinity through practices including martial arts, woodcarving, and cultural ceremonies. Some of their practices are heavily influenced by or borrowed from other indigenous Polynesian traditions, including those of the Māori.
The men of the Hale Mua enact their refashioned identities as they participate in temple rites, protest marches, public lectures, and cultural fairs.
The sharing of personal stories is an integral part of Hale Mua fellowship, and Tengan’s account is filled with members’ first-person narratives. At the same time, Tengan explains how Hale Mua rituals and practices connect to broader projects of cultural revitalization and Hawaiian nationalism. He brings to light the tensions that mark the group’s efforts to reclaim indigenous masculinity as they arise in debates over nineteenth-century historical source materials and during political and cultural gatherings held in spaces designated as tourist sites. He explores class status anxieties expressed through the sharing of individual life stories, critiques of the Hale Mua registered by Hawaiian women, and challenges the group received in dialogues with other indigenous Polynesians.
Native Men Remade is the fascinating story of how gender, culture, class, and personality intersect as a group of indigenous Hawaiian men work to overcome the dislocations of colonial history.
Ethnicity and Inequality in Hawai'i
Author: Jonathan Y. Okamura
Publisher: Temple University Press (April 28, 2008)
ISBN 10: 1592137563 , ISBN 13: 978-1592137565
Challenging the dominant view of Hawai'i as a "melting pot paradise" - a place of ethnic tolerance and equality - Jonathan Okamura examines how ethnic inequality is structured and maintained in island society. He finds that ethnicity, not race or class, signifies difference for Hawai'i's people and therefore structures their social relations. In Hawai'i, residents attribute greater social significance to the presumed cultural differences between ethnicities than to more obvious physical differences, such as skin colour.According to Okamura, ethnicity regulates disparities in access to resources, rewards, and privileges among ethnic groups, as he demonstrates in his analysis of socioeconomic and educational inequalities in the state. He shows that socially and economically dominant ethnic groups - Chinese Americans, Japanese Americans, and whites - have stigmatized and subjugated the islands' other ethnic groups - especially Native Hawaiians, Filipino Americans, and Samoans.
He demonstrates how ethnic stereotypes have been deployed against ethnic minorities and how these groups have contested their subordinate political and economic status by articulating new identities for themselves.
Na Kua 'Aina: Living Hawaiian Culture
Author: Davianna Pomaikaʻi McGregor
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press (April 30, 2007)
ISBN 10: 0824832124 , ISBN 13: 978-0824832124
In her book, McGregor examines four rural communities and how the traditional ways of Native Hawaiians have been preserved and perpetuated by the people of those communities by embracing a subsistence lifestyle. Unlike many works of Hawaiian history that focus on events, particularly on Oahu and among the ruling elite, Na Kua'aina tells a broader and more inclusive story of the Hawaiian Islands by documenting the continuity, as well as the changes, of Native Hawaiian culture.
Davianna McGregor was presented with the 2008 Kenneth W. Baldridge Prize for the best book in any field of history written by a resident of the state of Hawai'i. The prize is awarded by the Hawai'i regional chapter of the Phi Alpha Theta History Honor Society and includes a $300 cash award. Isaiah Walker, Assistant Professor of History at Brigham Young University, Hawai'i, made the announcement at the start of the honor society's 24th annual conference held March 15 at Campus Center at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa.
The prize, named in honor of Kenneth Baldridge, emeritus Professor of History at BYUH, is normally awarded every two years but the 2008 one considered books published during the last three years. The panel of judges made their decision after reviewing twelve submissions from various publishers, including University of Hawai'i Press, the publisher of Na Kua'aina.
Unruly Immigrants: Rights, Activism, and Transnational South Asian Politics in the United States
Author: Monisha Das Gupta
Publisher: Duke University Press (November 2006)
ISBN 10: 082233898X , ISBN 13: 978-0822338987
In Unruly Immigrants, Monisha Das Gupta explores the innovative strategies that South Asian feminist, queer, and labor organizations in the United States have developed to assert claims to rights for immigrants without the privileges or security of citizenship. Since the 1980s many South Asian immigrants have found the India-centered “model minority” politics of previous generations inadequate to the task of redressing problems such as violence against women, homophobia, racism, and poverty. Thus they have devised new models of immigrant advocacy, seeking rights that are mobile rather than rooted in national membership, and advancing their claims as migrants rather than as citizens-to-be. Creating social justice organizations, they have inventively constructed a transnational complex of rights by drawing on local, national, and international laws to seek entitlements for their constituencies.
Das Gupta offers an ethnography of seven South Asian organizations in the northeastern United States, looking at their development and politics as well as the conflicts that have emerged within the groups over questions of sexual, class, and political identities. She examines the ways that women’s organizations have defined and responded to questions of domestic violence as they relate to women’s immigration status; she describes the construction of a transnational South Asian queer identity and culture by people often marginalized by both mainstream South Asian and queer communities in the United States; and she draws attention to the efforts of labor groups who have sought economic justice for taxi drivers and domestic workers by confronting local policies that exploit cheap immigrant labor.
Responding to the shortcomings of the state, their communities, and the larger social movements of which they are a part, these groups challenge the assumption that citizenship is the necessary basis of rights claims.
- Association for Asian American Studies Social Science Award
- The Asia & Asian American Section of the American Sociological Association